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Agriculture attributed to the traditional fishing gear sustainability of this activity in the Reserve of Cabo de Palos-Islas Hormigas (27/09/2008)

The Ministry of Agriculture and Water attributed to the use of traditional fishing gear sustainability of this activity in the Marine Reserve of Cabo de Palos-Islas Hormigas.

Thus, fishing strategies developed by the artisanal fleet in Cabo de Palos are useful to address the following situations, environmental variations, variability of resources and effort, price fluctuations of species of fish, as well as fishing regulations, such as the establishment of closed areas and / or time in the area.

The area of Cabo de Palos-Islas Hormigas Marine Reserve was declared in 1995 for its high biological diversity and richness, good state of conservation of ecosystems and the great interest in fishing for your environment.

It extends from Cabo de Palos to the northwest, covering an area of 1,850 hectares and is rectangular, covering inland and offshore waters.

The decree creating the reserve sets a comprehensive space which prohibits any kind of fishing, but the rest of the protected area permits the exercise of professional fishing gear used traditionally in this area.

The Ministry of Agriculture and Water regulated by an Order approved types of fishing in marine reserve waters for inland waters.

Permitted fishing gear are the big bottom longline, rigging directed mainly to catch grouper, and trammel course, to catch rock lobster and fish.

According to the director general of Livestock and Fisheries, the establishment of this reservation sought, inter alia, "to recover populations of commercial interest, ensure that there are players, and this acted as a place of export of eggs, larvae, juveniles and adult fishing grounds nearby, thus enhancing both artisanal fishing in the reserve as its sphere of influence. "

The data show a significant increase in total catches before the implementation of protective measures until this year.

In this regard, the responsible regional stresses that "the protected area and its vicinity provide a high quality fresh fish, caught using selective fishing gear, which is highly valued by consumers and, in particular by local restaurants."

If to this we add the low maintenance costs of artisanal vessels compared with other industrialized fleets, such as trawling and purse, we have as a result, adds Falagas, "an increase in total revenue generated from the landed by the artisanal fleet of Cabo de Palos. "

An art for each station

The establishment of vedas in the buffer zone of the booking conditions on the use of fishing gear affected by the regulation, which are the trammel nets and bottom longlines.

During the winter, the fleet is divided between the vessels fishing outside the zone of influence of the reservation and those that remain.

Among the latter, the arts are the most widely used form of gill nets, distributed mainly in areas near the coast, protected from adverse environmental conditions near the port.

In spring, join vessels have been fishing goby, decreases the frequency of use of gill nets and gradually increased the use of bottom longline and to a lesser extent, trammel nets, until the ban comes into force for bottom longline within the reserve.

In summer, the arts are more trammel nets used in combination with other fixed gear as chirretera, the Moorish and outdated.

In the fall, coinciding with the area closed to gill nets within the reserve, decrease and increase use of gill nets, the chirretera and bottom longline.

Falaqa concludes that "every kind of art is preferably used to catch certain species, which are actively seeking in particular locations with common characteristics such as depth range and type of fund."

Source: CARM

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