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Apart from nature, the persecution of homosexuality during the Franco period becomes an essay (14/11/2017)

The library Josefina Soria Ramón Alonso Luzzy Cultural Center hosts tomorrow, Wednesday November 15 at eight o'clock in the afternoon, the presentation of the book 'To the margin of the nature' (Debate, 2016) of Víctor Mora Gaspar (Valencia, 1981), which is part of the program 'Read, think, imagine' and in collaboration with 'Cartagena Piensa', both organized by the Department of Culture of the City of Cartagena.

The author will be in the presentation, accompanied by members of the Galactyco collective.

The book presents a sample of the scientific texts published during the Franco dictatorship on male homosexuality.

The work has been awarded with the I Prize Sagasta de Ensayo, convened by the Caminos Foundation and Editorial Debate.

This award aims to stimulate the opening of new ways to improve the living conditions of citizens.

From science, psychiatry, etc.

homosexuality was justified as a pathology with terrible repressive consequences.

During the Franco period, different scientific disciplines joined together as pieces of the same machinery to implement a legal and medical treatment that would eradicate homosexuality;

considered the most dangerous antagonist of hegemonic masculinity.

The Councilor for Culture, David Martínez Noguera, explained that "in this work is reflected the terrible repression that many people suffered in our country because of their sexual condition during the almost 40 years of the Franco regime, as well as some of the prejudices that still they are still valid in our society.

The presentation of this book has been made based on the collaboration of the City of Cartagena with the Collective Galactyco, which will encourage awareness activities throughout the year.

What social and political consequences has this ideological literature had in our present? What elements are still alive and which, on the contrary, have been deactivated?

'Apart from nature', in addition to presenting a critical, fruitful and reflective set on these textual fragments of recent history, elaborates a reflection on the interest of the political powers to define specifically masculinity and femininity.


Víctor Mora Gaspar received the First Sagasta Trial Prize for Modernization in Spain, awarded by the Caminos Foundation and Editorial Debate, for 'Apart from nature'.

Its objective is to promote and publicize those original and unpublished essays that represent a relevant contribution to the socioeconomic and intellectual development of this country.

The Caminos Foundation estimated that this work is an important reflection on the persecution of difference during the Franco regime from a sample of scientific texts published during the dictatorship on male homosexuality.

In this essay a critical and fruitful set is gathered about the false scientific bases used during the Franco repression.

In addition, it is a solid criticism of the interest of the political powers to define masculinity and femininity.


Víctor Mora Gaspar is a PhD student in Humanities from the Carlos III University of Madrid.

He is a member of the Institute of Gender Studies of that university and of the International Association of Young Investigators Memories in Network, which carries out projects and works on memory studies in Spain.

Articulator in 'Culturamas' and 'El Cotidiano', his research focuses on the study of the construction of gender identity and visual representation as a support for discourse.

Source: Ayuntamiento de Cartagena

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